How to Install the PHP SQLSRV Extension
The SQLSRV extension provides functions for accessing Microsoft SQL Server databases.
In late 2016, after more than four years of this extension not being updated, Microsoft began releasing updates to greatly improve this extension and add support for PHP 7. As of early 2017, this extension is now considered stable again.
This extension now only supports PHP 7. Additionally, the only Ubuntu LTS version this extension supports is Ubuntu 16.04. You will not be able to use this extension on Ubuntu 12.04 or 14.04.
You can follow Microsoft's work on this extension through the PHP SQL Server Team blog.
Installing the SQLSRV Extension on PHP 7.X
To install the PHP SQLSRV extension on PHP 7.0, PHP 7.1, or PHP 7.2, SSH in to your server as root and run the following commands to install prerequisites:
curl -s https://packages.microsoft.com/keys/microsoft.asc | sudo apt-key add - sudo bash -c "curl -s https://packages.microsoft.com/config/ubuntu/16.04/prod.list > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mssql-release.list" sudo apt-get update sudo ACCEPT_EULA=Y apt-get -y install msodbcsql mssql-tools sudo apt-get -y install unixodbc-dev
Next, run the following commands to install the extension:
sudo apt-get -y install gcc g++ make autoconf libc-dev pkg-config sudo pecl7.X-sp install sqlsrv sudo pecl7.X-sp install pdo_sqlsrv
Once installed, create configuration files for the extension and restart PHP by running the following commands as root:
sudo bash -c "echo extension=sqlsrv.so > /etc/php7.X-sp/conf.d/sqlsrv.ini" sudo bash -c "echo extension=pdo_sqlsrv.so > /etc/php7.X-sp/conf.d/pdo_sqlsrv.ini" sudo service php7.X-fpm-sp restart
If you get the following error while installing prerequisites using the instructions above:
Installation Failed, ODBC Driver 13 for SQL Server Detected!
this may be caused by a previous installation of Microsoft's msodbcsql package while the new SQLSRV driver was still in development and not yet released. In this case, the solution is to start over with a clean Ubuntu 16.04 server, connect it to ServerPilot, and follow the PHP SQLSRV extension installation steps again on the new server.
Installing the SQLSRV Extension on PHP 5.X
This extension no longer supports PHP 5.X.
Verifying the Installation
You can verify the SQLSRV extension is installed with the command:
php7.X-sp -i | grep -i sqlsrv
If SQLSRV is installed correctly, you will see the following:
/etc/php7.1-sp/conf.d/pdo_sqlsrv.ini, /etc/php7.1-sp/conf.d/sqlsrv.ini, Registered PHP Streams => https, ftps, compress.zlib, compress.bzip2, php, file, glob, data, http, ftp, zip, phar, sqlsrv PDO drivers => dblib, mysql, odbc, pgsql, sqlite, sqlsrv pdo_sqlsrv pdo_sqlsrv support => enabled pdo_sqlsrv.client_buffer_max_kb_size => 10240 => 10240 pdo_sqlsrv.log_severity => 0 => 0 sqlsrv sqlsrv support => enabled sqlsrv.ClientBufferMaxKBSize => 10240 => 10240 sqlsrv.LogSeverity => 0 => 0 sqlsrv.LogSubsystems => 0 => 0 sqlsrv.WarningsReturnAsErrors => On => On
Uninstalling the SQLSRV Extension
To uninstall this extension, as root run the commands:
sudo rm /etc/phpX.Y-sp/conf.d/sqlsrv.ini sudo rm /etc/phpX.Y-sp/conf.d/pdo_sqlsrv.ini sudo peclX.Y-sp uninstall sqlsrv sudo peclX.Y-sp uninstall pdo_sqlsrv
Next, restart PHP-FPM with the command:
sudo service phpX.Y-fpm-sp restart
Using the PHP SQLSRV Extension
See the extension's GitHub page for an example of how to use the extension.
Note that the MSDN Online Documentation for this extension has not yet been updated for PHP 7.
Last updated: April 26, 2018